Role of the Department:-

 Directorate of Rural Development Kashmir comprises of 12 districts which includes two districts of Ladakh region. There are 77 CD & NES blocks, two Area Development Offices in (Keran and Machil) are also in position.

 The Department essentially aims at:- 

To generate Wage Employment.

To create durable community assets and rural infrastructure.

To provide houses to the rural houseless families.

To provide means of self employment to the rural poor through different self employment schemes.

To strengthen Panchayati Raj Institutions.


 There are two Directorates of Rural Development in the State, one for Kashmir and the other for Jammu Division. These Directorates are under the administrative Control of the Rural Development Department at the Secretariat Level which is headed by an officer of the rank of Secretary to Government and above.

          At the provincial level, the Directorate is headed by the Director who is a major head of the department in terms of Jammu & Kashmir Book of Financial Powers. The post is borne on  KAS cadre  and is held by senior KAS / IAS Officer. He exercises the administrative and the financial control over the whole province and is assisted by S.E REW Kashmir, Deputy Director(Adm), Deputy Director(Plg), District Panchayat Officer (Publicity), Accounts Officer and other necessary staff to carry out the day to day working in the Directorate.


 The Superintending Engineer REW Kashmir:-

Of late, the post of S.E. REW Kashmir has been created at the Divisional Level to look-after and monitor technical aspects of the various works being executed by the Rural Development Department to the extent of Rs. 50 lacs. He is assisted by Jr. Assistant, Technical Assistant / Officer.


 The Deputy Director (Adm) provides assistance to the Director in all  the administrative matters. The assistance is provided on the issues pertaining  to establishment,  legal and   matters  including disciplinary proceedings, complaints and other issues related to the administration.


The Deputy Director (Plg) deals with the planning apparatus which includes consolidation  of the plan at the provincial level and its submission to the government for approval of the Planning & Development Department. He monitors all the plan schemes being implemented in the field and provides necessary assistance to the Director in  effective implementation of the schemes under the control of the department.


Similarly, the District Panchayat Officer(Publicity) assists the Director in the areas like Panchayats and other related matters including publicity of schemes etc.


Accounts officer provides assistance in the field of financial/account matters. He is also the drawing and disbursing  officer of the Directorate. He also formulates the budget and monitors  the    Non-plan  expenditure.


 The Directorate of Rural Development Kashmir exercises  control over the following ten Districts of Kashmir and two Districts of  Ladakh Region:-

Kashmir Region:

1.     Anantnag

2.     Kulgam

3.     Baramulla

4.     Bandipora

5.     Budgam

6.     Kupwara

7.     Pulwama

8.     Shopian

9.     Srinagar

10.   Ganderbal

Ladakh Region:

1.     Kargil

2.     Leh

    At the District Level, following officers are under the administrative control of the Directorate of Rural Development Kashmir in one or the other  manner;


1)  Project Officers Wage Employment (ACD`s).

2)  Project Officers Self  Employment, DRDA`s.

3)  Project Officers IWDP.

4)  Executive Engineers, Rural Engineering Wing.

5)  District Panchayat Officers.


At the  Block level,  Block Development Officers are assisted by Panchayat Inspectors, SO`s Planning, Mukhi Sevikas, Junior Engineers, VLWs, MPWs, Gram Sevikas etc. in discharging their duties.

 Brief description of the functioning of these officers is as under:-

 1.       Project Officer Wage Employment (ACD):-

Project Officer Wage Employment (ACD) is  normally an officer from Kashmir Administrative Service (KAS). He releases the funds to the Block Development Officers for implementation of various components of works approved under the programmes by the District Development Boards/ other competent authorities. The Assistant Commissioner Development, consolidates the District Plan on the basis of the inputs received from Block Development Officers. The District Plan compiled by him is submitted to the Directorate for technical vetting before it is considered by the District Development Board in its meetings. ACD is competent to accord Administrative Approval of the works involving the estimates upto Rs. 5.00 lacs  in accordance with Govt. Order No.300-Agri of 1996  dated 06/06/1996. ACD is also the Administrative head of the Rural Development Department at the district level. Besides,  Project Officer Wage Employment (ACD) is District Programme Coordinator under the flagship programme (MGNREGA),  is according approval for the plans under the Scheme.


2.      Project  Officer Self Employment (DRDA):-

In every district there is a District Rural Development Agency with  District Development Commissioner as its Chairman  assisted by the Project Officer Self Employment who is exercising the over all Administrative & Financial control over the affairs of the Agency. Project Officer is assisted by Assistant Project Officers and other staff. The Programmes of the Agency are being implemented by the Block Development Officers.


3.      Project  Officer (IWDP):-

          There is a separate Project Officer in the district to look-after the implementation of Integrated Watershed Development Project named Integrated Waste Land Development Progrmame admissible under the programme. The programme is being monitored by the Project Officer (IWDP) and there is a State Nodal Agency in place having with Chief Executive Officer who are looking after the funds position and other implementing parameters of the programme.


4.      EXECUTIVE ENGINEER (Rural Engineering Wing):-

In every district, there is a Rural Engineering Wing headed by the Executive Engineer who looks after the technical aspect of the execution of works. The Assistant Executive Engineers and Assistant Engineers posted in the district are working  under his control. He accords technical sanctions of the works under Plan /Non-Plan Sector besides, flagship programme of MGNREGA. He  also accords test checks to ensure good quality of works being executed in the district. He is assisted by the Junior Engineers and Works Supervisors at the Block/Panchayat Level.



At the district level, the matters of Panchayat and Panchayat property / assets are attended to by the District Panchayat Officer. He is assisted by Plantation Ranger and Panchayat Auditor posted in the district. The District Panchayat Officer is also supervising  the afforestration programmes and rural sanitation programmes in the districts. At the Block Level, such matters are supervised by the Panchayat Inspector and at the Panchayat Level there is a Secretary Panchayat (VLW, Gram Savika, MPW). The property of the Panchayats viz. Plantation Nurseries, Panchayat Ghars and other Panchayat Assets are supervised by the Plantation Supervisor / Plantation Watcher and Plantation Helpers.


Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), implemented by the BDOs at block level is also being monitored by the District Panchayat Officers.  However the scheme is being implemented through  Director Rural Sanitation J&K.

 The District Panchayat Officer is the designated authority in respect of implementation of various sections  of the Jammu & Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act.



 At the Block Level,  the Block Development Officer is the back bone of the Rural Development Department and is responsible  for  formulation, implementation and monitoring   of  “Action Plans” under various schemes through the ministerial/ field staff which comprises of :-



v            AAO

v           SO(P)


     Jr. Assistant (P)

     Jr. Assistant (RDD)

     Sr. Assistant (RDD)

     Orderly (RDD)



v Panchayat Inspector

v Junior engineers

v Village Level Workers.

v Mukhi Savikas/Gram Savikas

v Multi Purpose Workers.

v Plantation Supervisors / Watchers.

v Malies, Mirabs / Chowkidars, Helpers.


In pursuance of section 12 of Jammu & Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989 it shall also be the duty of each Halqa Panchayat to make provision for preparation of the Plans for the development of the Halqa and to take measures for the implementation of the developmental plans subject to the availability of funds  at its disposal. The plans at the block level are formulated after consolidating the information received from the village Panchayats through the Secretary Panchayat  (VLW/MPW/Gram Savika) of the Panchayat. Simultaneously the estimates of the works are prepared by JEs of the concerned Block and are technically checked by the AE/AEE/ Executive Engineer / SEs.


The plans are first consolidated at the Block level  and then at the District level. After the approval, the works are being taken-up for execution as per the labour demand keeping the requisite provisions of the schemes into view.  

  The main programmes/schemes under implementation through the Rural Development Department Kashmir are as under:-


  q     Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

q     Indra Awas Yojna / Rural Housing Scheme

q     Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna

    q     IWDP (Haryali)

    q     DRDA Administration

    q     Other works under CD & Panchayat




State Share

Central Share














Infrastructure  Development of Villages




CD & Panchayat




13th FC (Constt. Of Panchayat Ghars in convergence of MGNREGA)











 A  word  about  each  programme/scheme  is  given  here under.:-

 National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS)

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA) was notified on

September 7, 2005.

The mandate of the Act is to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year

to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.


i) Social protection for the most vulnerable people living in rural India by providing employment


ii) Livelihood security for the poor through creation of durable assets, improved water security, soil

conservation and higher land productivity

iii) Drought-proofing and flood management in rural India

iv) Empowerment of the socially disadvantaged, especially women, Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Schedules

Tribes (STs), through the processes of a rights-based legislation

v) Strengthening decentralised, participatory planning through convergence of various anti-poverty

and livelihoods initiatives

vi) Deepening democracy at the grass-roots by strengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions

vii) Effecting greater transparency and accountability in governance

Thus, MGNREGA is a powerful instrument for ensuring inclusive growth in rural India through its impact on

social protection, livelihood security and democratic empowerment.



     District Kupwara of Kashmir province was covered under NREGA during 2006-07.

      One more district i.e. District Anantnag was brought under the scheme during 2007-08.

      w.e.f. 1-4-2008 all  the remaining districts of Kashmir province including Leh / Kargil Districts have been brought under the scheme.

      NREGA guarantees 100 days of employment to un-skilled members of registered rural households during a financial year on demand.

      Rate of wages per day is paid at the rate of minimum wages in force in the State.

      The work is provided to rural households   in their villages / panchayat / block by means of creation of specified durable assets required for community use in the rural areas.

      10% wages are paid extra if the work is provided to a person beyond 5 km distance.

      Presently 8 types of works are approved to be taken-up under the scheme.

 The details of activities permissible under MGNREGA are as under:-

  1. water conservation and water harvesting including contour trenches, contour bunds, boulder checks, gabion structures, underground dykes, earthen dams, stop
  2. drought proofing including afforestation and tree plantation;
  3. irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works;
  4. provision of irrigation facility, dug out farm pond, horticulture, plantation, farm bunding and land development on land owned by households
  5. renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks;
  6. land development;
  7. flood control and protection. works including drainage in water logged areas including deepening and repairing of flood channels, chaur renovation, construction of storm water drains for coastal protection;
  8. rural connectivity to provide all weather access, including culverts and roads within a village, wherever necessary;
  9. construction of Bharat Nirman Rajiv Gandhi Sewa Kendra as .Knowledge Resource Centre at the Block level and as Gram Panchayat Bhawan at the Gram Panchayat level;
  10. agriculture related works, such as, NADEP composting, vermi-composting, liquid bio-manures;
  11. livestock related works, such as, poultry shelter, goat shelter, construction of pucca floor, urine tank and fodder trough for cattle, azolla as cattle-feed supplement;
  12. fisheries related works. such as, fisheries in seasonal water bodies on public land;
  13. works in coastal areas, such as, fish drying yards, belt vegetation;
  14. rural drinking water related works, such as, soak pits, recharge pits;
  15. rural sanitation related works, such as, individual household latrines, school toilet units, anganwadi toilets, solid and liquid waste management;

any other work which may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government.

 Indra Awas Yojna

Housing is one of the basic requirements for human survival. For a normal citizen owning a house provides significant economic and social security and status in society. For a shelterless person, a house brings about a profound social change in his existence, endowing him with an identity, thus integrating him with his immediate social milieu.

Housing lays foundation for living with dignity for the rural poor by dispelling the gloom of being shelter-less.

Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development to provide houses to the poor in the rural areas.


Objective :

The objective of the Indira Awaas Yojana is primarily to help in construction/up-gradation of dwelling units of rural BPL householders belonging to members of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, freed bonded labourers, minorities and other non-SC/ST by providing them a lump sum financial assistance.


Funding Pattern :

Indira Awaas Yojana is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme funded on cost-sharing basis between the Government of India and the State Governments in the ratio of 75:25.


Target Group :

The target groups for houses under the IAY are below poverty line households living in the rural areas, belonging to :-

i.Scheduled Castes/Scheduled tribes,
ii.freed bonded labourees,
iv.non-SC/ST BPL rural households,
v.widows and next-of-kin to defense personnel/paramilitary forces killed in action residing in rural areas (irrespective of their income criteria),
vi.ex-servicemen and retired members of paramilitary forces fulfilling the other conditions.


Prioritization of beneficiaries will be as follows:

1.Freed bonded labourers.
2.SC/ST households
SC/ST households who are victims of atrocity
SC/ST households, headed by widows and unmarried women.
SC/ST households affected by flood, natural calamities like earthquake, cyclone   and man-made calamities like riot.
Other SC/ST households
3.Families/widows of personnel from defence services/paramilitary forces, killed in action.
4.Non- SC/ST BPL households.
5.Physically and mentally challenged persons.
6.Ex-servicemen and retired members of the paramilitary forces.
7.Displaced persons on account of developmental projects, nomadic/semi-nomadic, and de-notified tribals, families with physically/mentally challenged members.

The selection of the beneficiaries will be subject to the condition that the households of all the above categories except (iii) are Below Poverty Line (BPL).  

Assistant for a house under IAY

The ceiling on grant of assistance per unit cost under the IAY for construction  of a new house and up-gradation of an un-serviceable kutcha house is given as under:-

a Construction of house Rs. 45000/- in plain areas and

Rs. 48500 in hilly/ difficult areas

b Upgradation of un-serviceable  households Rs. 15000/- in both the areas.
c Provision of administrative expenses under IAY to LWE affected areas Administrative Expenses of Rs. 300/- per house in the IAP districts is to be utilized towards monitoring, technical support  and maintenance of IAY-MIS and not gor general administrative expenses.

w.e.f. 01-04-2013, for construction of new houses Rs. 75000/- will be provided to the IAY beneficiary.


 Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna (SGSY)


•         It came into existence during 1999

•         The objective is to bring the assisted poor families (Swarozgaris) to above poverty line by increasing their income over a period of time.

•         The objective to be achieved by forming Self Help Groups through social mobilization, capacity building and provision of income generation assets through Government subsidy / Bank loan.

•         It envisages building of micro enterprises in rural areas based on potential of the rural poor.

•         The assisted families are known as individuals or Swarozgaris.

•         Emphasis to be on  group approach.

 IWDP (Haryali)

•          Aims at harvesting every drop of rainwater for purposes of irrigation, plantations including horticulture and floriculture, pasture development, fisheries etc. to create sustainable sources of income for the village community as well as for drinking water supplies.

•          Ensuring overall development of rural areas through Gram Panchayats and creating regular sources of income for the Panchayats from rainwater harvesting and management.

•          Employment generation, poverty alleviation, community empowerment and development of human and other economic resources of the rural areas.

•          Mitigating the adverse effects of extreme climatic conditions such as drought and desertification on crops, human and livestock population for the overall improvement of rural areas.

•          Restoring ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing natural resources i.e. land, water, vegetative cover especially plantations.

•          Encouraging village community towards sustained community action for the operation and maintenance of assets created and further development of the potential of the natural resources in the watershed.

•          Promoting use of simple, easy and affordable technological solutions and institutional arrangements that make use of, and build upon, local technical knowledge and available materials.

•          Ordinarily the project area tackles roughly 5000 hectt. Land at a cost of Rs. 6000 per hectt.

 DRDA (Administration)

•         The scheme is Centrally Sponsored on a sharing pattern of 75 : 25 Central / State. Planning & Development Department releases funds to DDCs directly under District Plan on this account and central Govt. releases funds to DRDAs directly for meeting the salary and other allied revenue items.

 CD & Panchayat

Funds are released for execution of different types of works on public demand by the State Government through Planning / Administrative Department.