Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
The Parliament enacted an Act No. 42 of 2005 called the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. The Act provides a guarantee for rural employment to house holds whose adult members volunteer to do un-skilled manual work not less than 100 days of such work in a financial year in accordance with the scheme made under the Act
The scheme is different from the earlier wage employment programmes in different ways:-
focus of the scheme shall be on:-
for Guaranteed Rural Employment under
Registration to be made at the level of Gram Panchayat for issuance
of job cards.
Duty of the Gram Panchayat to
issue the job card after making such
an enquiry as it may deem fit.
The registration for not less than 5 years and to be renewed
from time to time.
Every job card holder entitled
to apply for unskilled manual work under the scheme.
All registered persons
belonging to a house hold entitled to employment in accordance with
the scheme for as many days as each applicant may request, subject to a
maximum of 100 days per house hold in a given financial year.
Such job to be provided within a period of 15 days of the receipt
of an application or from the date he/she seeks work in case of advance
application which ever is later.
features of Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
The focus of the scheme shall be on the following works in their
order of priority:-
Water conservation and water harvesting.
Drought proofing (including afforestration and tree
Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation
Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by
house holds belonging to the scheduled Castes/Schedule Tribes or to land
of beneficiaries of land reforms or that of the beneficiaries under
the IAH of Govt.l India.
Renovation of traditional water bodies including
desilting of tanks.
Flood control and
protection works including drainage in water logged areas.
Rural connectivity to provide all weather access and
Any other work which may be notified by the Central
Government in consultation with the State government.
Creation of durable assets and strengthening the
livelihood resource base o f the rural
poor shall be an important
object of the scheme.
The works taken up under the scheme shall be in rural
The state council shall prepare a list of preferred works for different areas based on their
ability to create durable assets.
The scheme shall be subject to appropriate
arrangements as may be laid down by the State Government under the rules
issued by it for proper maintenance of the public assets created under the
Under no circumstances shall the labourers be paid
less than the wage rate, notified by the State Government.
When wages are directly linked with the quantity of
work, the wages shall be paid according to the scheme of rates fixed by
the state government for different types of work in every years, in
consultation with the state council.
The schedule of rates of wages for unskilled labourers
shall be so fixed that a person working for 7 hours would normally earn a
wage equal to the wage rate.
The cost of material component of projects including
the wages of the skilled and semi skilled workers taken up under the
scheme shall not exceed 40% of the total project costs.
It shall be open to the programme officer and Gram
Panchayat to direct any person who applied for employment under the scheme
to do work of any type permissible under it.
The scheme shall not permit engaging any contractor
for implementation of the projects
As far as practicable, a task funded under the scheme
shall be performed by using manual labour and not machines.
Every scheme shall contain adequate provisions for
ensuring transparency and accountability
at all levels of implementation.
Provisions for regular inspection and supervision of
works taken up under the scheme shall be made to ensure proper quality of
work as well as to ensure that the total wages paid for the completion of
the work is commensurate with
the quality and quantity of work done..
The District Programme Coordinator, The Programme
Officer and the Gram Panchayat implementing the scheme shall prepare annually a report containing the facts and figures
and achievements relating to the implementation of the scheme within his
or its jurisdiction and a
copy of the same shall be made available to the public on demand and on
payment of such free as may
be specified in the scheme.
All accounts and records relating to the scheme shall
be made available for public scrutiny
and any person desirous of obtaining copy
or relevant extracts therefrom may be provided such copies of
extracts on demand and after paying such fee as may be specified in the
A copy of
the muster rolls of each scheme or project under a scheme shall be made
available in the office of the Gram Panchayat and
Programme Officer for inspection by any person interested after
paying such fee as may be specified in the scheme.
CONDITIONS FOR GUARANTEED RURAL EMPLOYMENT UNDER A SCHEME AND
MINIMUMENTITLEMENTS OF LABOURERS
adult members of every household who-
(I) reside in
any rural areas; and
willing to do unskilled manual work,
their names, age and the address of the household to the Gram Panchayat at
(hereafter in this Schedule referred to as the Gram Panchayat) in the
of which they
reside for registration of their household for issuance of a job card.
It shall be the duty of the Gram Panchayat to register the
household, after making such enquiry as it deems fit and issue a job card
containing such details of adult members ofthe household affIXing their
photographs, as may be specified by the State Government inthe Scheme.
The registration made under paragraph 2 shall be for such period as
may be laid inthe Scheme, but in any case not less than five years, and
may be renewed from time to time.
Every adult member of a registered household whose name appears in
the job cardshall be entitled to apply for unskilled manual work under the
All registered persons belonging to a household shall be entitled
to employment inaccordance with the Scheme made under the provisions of
this Act, for ashlany days as eachapplicant may request, subject to a
maximum of one hundred days per household in a givenfinancial year.
The Programme Officer shall ensure that every applicant referred to
in paragraph 5 shall be provided unskilled manual work in accordance with
the provisions of the Schemewithin fifteen days of receipt of an
application or from the date he seeks work in case ofadvance application,
whichever is later:Provided that priority shall be given to women in such
a way that at least one-third ofthe beneficiaries shall be women who have
registered and requested for work under this Act.
Applications for work must be for at least fourteen days of
There shall be no limit Qn the number of days of employment for
which a person mayapply, or on the number of days of employment actually
provided to him subject to theaggregate entitlement of the household.
Applications for work may be submitted in writing either to the
Gram Panchayat or tothe Programme Officer, as may be specified in the
The Gram Panchayat and Programme Officer, as the case may be, shall
be bound toaccept valid applications and to issue a dated receipt to. the
applicant. Group applicationsmay also be submitted.
Applicants who are provided with work shall be so intimated in
writing, by meansof a letter sent to him at the address given in the job
card and by a public notice displayed atthe office of the Panchayats at
the district, intermediate or village level.
As far as possible, employment shall be provided within a radius of
five kilometersof the village where the applicant resides at the time of
A new work under the Scheme shall be commenced only if-
(a) at least
fifty labourers become available for such work; and
labourers cannot be absorbed in the ongoing works:
Provided that this
condition shall not be applicable for new works, as determined by the
State Government, in hilly areas and in respect of afforestration. .
In cases the employment is provided outside such radius, it must be
within the Block, and the
labourers shall be paid ten per cent. of the wage rate as extra wagesto
meet additional transportation and living expenses.
A period of employment shall ordinarily be at least fourteen days
with not more than six days
in a week.
In all cases where unemployment allowance is paid, or due to be
paid, the Programme Officer shall inform the District Programme
Coordinator in writing the reasons why it was not possible for him to
provide employment or cause to provide employment to the applicants.
The District Programme Coordinator shall, in his Annual Report to
the State Council, explain as to why employment could not be provided in
cases where payment of unemployment allowance is involved.
Provision shall be made in the Scheme for advance applications,
that is, applications which may be submitted in advance of the date from
which employment is sought.
Provision shall be made in the Scheme for submission of multiple
applications bythe same person provided that the corresponding periods for
which employment is sought do not overlap.
The Gram Panchayat shall prepare and maintain or cause to be
maintained such registers,
vouchers and other documents in such form and in such manner as may be
specified in the Scheme containing particulars of job cards and passbooks
issued,name, age and address of the head of the household and the adult
members of the household registered with the Gram Panchayat.
The Gram Panchayat shall send such list or lists of the names and
addresses of households and their adult members registered with it and
supply such other information to the concerned Programme Officer at such
periods and in such form as may be specified in the Scheme.
A list of persons who are provided with the work shall be displayed
on the notice board of the Gram Panchayat and at the office of the
Programme Officer and at such other places as the Programme Officer may
deem necessary and the list shall be open for inspection by the State
Government and any person interested.
If the Gram Panchayat is satisfied at any time that a person has
registered with it by furnishing false information, it may direct the
Programme Officer to direct his name to be struck off from the register
and direct the applicant to return the job card: Provided that no such
action under this paragraph shall be directed unless the applicant has
been given an opportunity of being heard in the presence of two
If any personal injury is caused to any person employed under the
Scheme byaccident arising out of and in the course of his employment, he
shall be entitled to, free of charge, such medical treatment as is
admissible under the Scheme.
Where hospitalization of the injured worker is necessary, the State
Government shall arrange for such hospitalization including accommodation,
treatment, medicines and payment of daily allowance not less than half of
the wage rate required to be paid had the injured been engaged in the
If a person employed under a Scheme dies or becomes permanently
disabled by accident arising out of and in the course of employment, he
shall be paid by the implementingagency an ex gratia payment at the rate
of twenty-five thousand rupees or such amount as may be notified by the
Central Government, and the amount shall be paid to the legal heirs of the
deceased or the disabled, as the case may be.
The facilities of safe drinking water, shade for children and
periods of rest, first-aid box with adequate material for emergency
treatment for minor injuries and other health hazards connected with the
work being performed shall be provided at the work site.
In case the number of children below the age of six years
accompanying the women working at any site are five or more, provisions
shall be made to depute one of such women worker to look after such
The person deputed under paragraph 28 shall be paid wage rate.
In case the payment of wages is not made within the period
specified under the Scheme, the labourers shall be entitled to receive
payment of compensation as per theprovisions of the Payment of Wages Act,
1936 (4 of 1936).
The wages under a Scheme may be paid either wholly in cash or in
cash and kind provided that at least one-fourth of the wages shall be paid
in cash only.
The State Government may prescribe that a portion of the wages in
cash may be paid to the labourers on a daily basis during the period of
If any personal injury is caused by accident to a child
accompanying any person who is employed under a Scheme, such person shall
be entitled to, free of charge, such medical treatment for the child as
may be specified in the Scheme and in case of death or disablement,
through an exgratia payment as may be determined by the State Government.
34. In case of every employment under the Scheme, there shall be no discrimination solely on the ground of gender and the provisions of the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (25 of 1976), shall be complied with.
|CONTACT US :-0194-2310471,2311508|