Since from the independence, the government has been formulating policies , programs , projects and schemes to accelerate the rural development. All these programs are run by the central and state government in the areas of education, health, drinking water, sanitation, etc. The policy and programs of rural development aim at alleviating rural poverty, generating employment and removing hunger and malnourishment

The aims of the Rural Development Department are:

  • Providing livelihood opportunities to those in need including women and other vulnerable sections with focus on Priority households.
  • Enhancement of livelihood security of households in rural areas by providing 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every household demanding it.
  • Provision of all weather rural connectivity to unconnected rural habitations and upgradation of existing roads to provide market access.
  • Providing basic housing and homestead to households eligible as per SECC-2011 survey in rural areas.
  • Capacity development and training of rural development functionaries.
  • Promoting involvement of voluntary agencies(SHGs) and individuals for rural development.

Brief introduction of Schemes implemented by RDD Kashmir are summarized as under:-

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(MGNREGA)

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA) was notified on September 7, 2005. The mandate of the Act is to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.

Some features of MGNREGA are:

  • The MGNREGA has given rise to the largest employment programme in human history and is unlike any other wage employment programme in its scale, architecture and thrust. Its bottom-up, people centred, demand-driven, self-selecting, rights-based design is distinct and unprecedented.
  • It is a demand-driven programme where provision of work is triggered by the demand for work by wage-seekers.
  • There are legal provisions for allowances and compensation both in cases of failure to provide work on demand and delays in payment of wages for work undertaken.
  • This bottom-up, people-centred, demand-driven architecture also means that a great share of the responsibility for the success of the MGNREGA lies with wage-seekers, GSs and GPs.
  • MGNREGA also marks a break from the relief programmes of the past towards an integrated natural resource management and livelihoods generation perspective.
  • Social audit is a new feature that is an integral part of MGNREGA. Potentially, this creates unprecedented accountability of performance, especially towards immediate stakeholders.

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojna (PMAY)

Housing is one of the basic requirements for human survival. For a normal citizen owning a house provides significant economic and social security and status in society. For a shelter less person, a house brings about a profound social change in his existence, endowing him with an identity, thus integrating him with his immediate social milieu. In pursuance to the goal - Housing for all by 2022, the rural housing scheme Indira Awas Yojana has been revamped to Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin and approved during March 2016. Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided for construction of pucca house to all houseless and households living in dilapidated houses. The scheme is being implemented in rural areas throughout India.
The main objective of PMAY is to provide pucca house to all who are houseless and living in dilapidated houses in rural areas by March, 2024.

Identification of beneficiaries eligible for assistance and their prioritisation has been done using information from Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) ensuring total transparency and objectivity. The list were presented to Gram Sabha to identify beneficiaries who have been assisted before or who have become ineligible due to other reasons. Annual list of beneficiaries has been identified from the total list through participatory process by the Gram Sabha

Currently all the eligible beneficiaries as identified under SECC have been benefitted, now the focus is on the left out beneficiaries and in Kashmir Division there are almost Seventy Thousand households who need to be assisted under PMAY. During 2022-23 a target of 13297 has been allocated to Kashmir Division for construction of new Houses for houseless beneficiaries.

Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)

Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) was launched on 24th April 2018 as an umbrella scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Govt. of India. It is a unique scheme proposed to develop and strengthen the Panchayati Raj System across India in the rural areas.

Objectives of RGSA

  • Develop governance capabilities of PRIs to deliver on the SDGs.
  • Enhance capabilities of Panchayats for inclusive local governance with focus on optimum utilization of available resources and convergence with other schemes to address issues of national importance.
  • Enhance capabilities of Panchayats to raise their own sources of revenue.
  • Strengthen institutions for capacity enhancement of PRIs at various levels and enable them to achieve adequate quality standards in infrastructure, facilities, human resources and outcome based training.
  • Promote e-governance and other technology driven solutions to enable good governance in Panchayats for administrative efficiency and improved service delivery.
  • Develop a network of institutions of excellence to support capacity building and handholding for PRIs.
  • Strengthen Gram Sabhas to function effectively as the basic forum of people’s participation, transparency and accountability within the Panchayat system.